LEMMATARIVM NEOLATINVM von Petrarca bis 1700


  15.6.2022:   Introducing the Lemmarium Neolatinum. LNL is a supplement to NLW containing lemmata which are not in the NLW. The basis are lemmatized texts produced in the context of the Danish Center for Neo-Latin (cdnl.dk) and the archive of the NLW (NLWa). The LNL contains only part of the proper names in the source texts. The LNL and a combined file of NLW + LNL can be accessed from the lemma-list in the left column of the screen.

Please note that this is an experiment. While considerable attempt has been made to lemmatize correctly, a number of mistakes remain. Also homographs are not always disambiguated (esp. if they belong to the same word class). Some words (esp. adverbs and adjective-participles) can be registered with the superordinate words in some cases, but not in others. Use with your inner Neo-Latin critical faculty fully switched on. Some lemmatizations are based on previous efforts by other scholars; these are registered in the list of Sigla.
    Generally lemmatizations follow the Oxford Latin Dictionary, though with changes and restrictions (e.g. inclitus instead of the historically correct inclutus, which occur very rarely in my texts). Adverbs in -e and -iter are lemmatized under the adjective, unless they have a notable fortuna or an incompatible semantic development (a rule of thumb: if the entry for the adverb in the OLD is significantly longer than that for the adjective, the adverb is retained; e.g. licenter). The same is true for nouns (in the phrase 'liber vel servus', ' a free man or a slave', liber is inserted into the series of adjectives; the plural in the sense 'children' is lemmatized seperately as liberi). Proper names are only contained in the LNL, if they are lemmatized in the source text (i.e., in a minority of cases). Adjectives derived from proper names are also considered as proper names (e.g. Apollineus from Apollo, i.e. only partially lemmatized). Heteroclitics are not treated uniformely; where I have caught them they are listed separately (materia, materies). Pronouns are difficult to lemmatize consistently; in general adjectival and noun forms are not separated. Consistency equally is a problem with fixed phrases and similar. res publica is normally lemmatized as respublica; closed class words (quamobrem, quare, etc.) can go either way).